Korean J Med.  2019 Feb;94(1):5-10. 10.3904/kjm.2019.94.1.5.

Current Status of Bariatric Endoscopy in Obesity Control

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. alwayshang@hanyang.ac.kr

Abstract

Obesity and metabolic syndrome affect ~40% of individuals in the United States alone. They are significant conditions that can cause severe economic problems. Obesity is also a global issue, with ~400 million obese adults worldwide. Moreover, the number of overweight children is increasing. Bariatric surgery is the gold standard treatment for obesity; however, endoscopic approaches may have a significant role in improving metabolic syndrome and achieving weight loss. Many endoscopic methods have been introduced, some of which are currently available and some that are undergoing experimentation. Endoscopists have a role in the treatment of obesity because endoscopic therapies are expected to become safer and more efficacious in the coming years. Endoscopic bariatric therapies can be categorized as space occupying, malabsorption, and gastric volume reduction. In this review, we summarize the currently available endoscopic procedures.

Keyword

Obesity; Endoscopy; Gastroplasty

MeSH Terms

Adult
Bariatric Surgery
Child
Endoscopy*
Gastroplasty
Humans
Obesity*
Overweight
United States
Weight Loss
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