J Korean Diet Assoc.  2018 Aug;24(3):212-230. 10.14373/JKDA.2018.24.3.212.

Effects of Job Stress on Job Satisfaction in School Dieticians and Nutrition Teacher: Focus on the Moderating Effect of Interpersonal Relationship Type

Affiliations
  • 1Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, The University of Suwon, Hwaseong 18323, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Health Science, The University of Suwon, Hwaseong 18323, Korea. hyungsook@suwon.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of job stress on job satisfaction according to interpersonal relationship type among school dieticians and nutrition teachers. The online survey was conducted from Oct. 26th to Nov. 7th, 2017 in 2,000 randomly selected dieticians and nutrition teachers in the capital area. A total of 453 collected questionnaires were used for analysis. SPSS v.21.0 Statistical Package Program was used for the statistical process. For the results regarding interpersonal relationship type of dieticians, open-type (73.3%) was the highest, followed by self-assertive-type (23.0%), isolated-type (2.6%), and careful-type (1.1%). Regarding overall job satisfaction, "˜human relation' was the highest, followed by "˜job itself', "˜working environment', and "˜personal rating & welfare system', in that order. According to interpersonal relationship type, in the case of "˜open-type' or "˜careful-type', job satisfaction was relatively high. Regarding overall job stress, "˜job demand' was the highest, followed by "˜lack of reward', "˜organizational system', "˜interpersonal conflict', "˜occupational climate', "˜job insecurity', and "˜insufficient job control', in that order. In accordance with interpersonal relationship type, overall job stress index was high in terms of "˜self-assertive-type' or "˜careful-type'. For the results of analyzing the correlation between job satisfaction and job stress index, all areas showed statistically significant negative correlations. Multiple regression analysis was performed to study the effects of job stress on job satisfaction mediating interpersonal relationship type. Job stress had different effects on job satisfaction in terms of "˜open-type' and "˜self-assertive type'. In conclusion, different strategies are needed for dieticians with different interpersonal relationship types to improve job satisfaction and to reduce job stress.

Keyword

school dietician; nutrition teacher; job stress; job satisfaction; interpersonal relationship type

MeSH Terms

Humans
Job Satisfaction*
Negotiating
Nutritionists*
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