J Dent Hyg Sci.  2018 Aug;18(4):252-264. 10.17135/jdhs.2018.18.4.252.

A Needs Analysis Oral Health Education Contents for Teachers and Parents Using Borich Priority Formula and The Locus for Focus Model

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, The Graduate School of Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Korea. batty96@nsu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Korea.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the priorities of oral health education contents for preschool children by targeting teachers and parents using the Borich priority formula and The Locus for Focus Model. The survey was conducted in 212 teachers and 215 parents from December 26, 2017 to January 21, 2018. The priorities of oral health education contents were based on a 3-step analysis method, including the paired sample t-test, Borich priority formula, and The Locus for Focus Model. As a result of this study, the number of items about oral health education for preschool children that were prioritized by teachers was 7, while that by parents was 9. The top priorities that teachers and parents had in common were the following 5 items; "The progression of dental caries,""Symptoms of dental caries,""How to prevent dental caries,""Eruption sequence of permanent teeth," and "Method for emergency management of avulsed teeth." The teachers' priorities of the oral health education contents were the same between teachers and parents; "Eruption sequence of deciduous teeth" and "The function of the permanent teeth" were added. The parents' priorities of the oral health education contents were the same between teachers and parents; "The effect of fluoride application,""The number of permanent teeth,""How to prevent malocclusion," and "The appropriate timing of malocclusion treatment" were added. Based on the results of this study, when developing oral health education programs for teachers and parents, oral health education for teachers should include 7 items and oral health education for parents should include 9 items.

Keyword

Dental education; Needs; Parents; Preschool children

MeSH Terms

Child, Preschool
Education*
Education, Dental
Emergencies
Fluorides
Humans
Malocclusion
Methods
Oral Health*
Parents*
Fluorides
Full Text Links
  • JDHS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error