Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2018 Dec;35(2):150-155. 10.12701/yujm.2018.35.2.150.

Recent advances in minimally invasive surgery for gynecologic indications

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.


Recently, an increasing interest in less invasive surgery has led to the advent of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). LESS and NOTES could be technically challenging, but available literature has demonstrated the feasibility and safety of LESS for benign gynecologic diseases. However, the evidence is not strong enough to recommend the use of LESS over that of conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery (MLS). As per the results of the most recently published meta-analysis, the majority of surgical outcomes are equivalent between LESS and MLS, except for the longer operative time in LESS for both adnexal surgery and hysterectomy. Although an increasing number of studies have reported on robotic LESS, NOTES, and LESS for gynecologic malignancy, definite conclusions have not been drawn owing to the lack of sufficient information.


Laparoscopy; Minimally invasive surgical procedures; Natural orifice endoscopic surgery
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