Child Health Nurs Res.  2019 Jan;25(1):17-27. 10.4094/chnr.2019.25.1.17.

The Effects of the 5-step Method for Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training on Nursing Students' Knowledge, Attitude, and Performance Ability

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Seoyeong University, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. ahanaya@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training program that applied the 5-step method on the knowledge, attitudes, and performance ability of nursing students in terms of enhancement and sustainability.
METHODS
Sixty-one nursing students (28 in the experimental group and 33 in the control group) from D city participated in this study. Data were collected from April 25 to December 15, 2016. The experimental group and control group received infant CPR education using the 5-step method and the traditional method, respectively. The outcome variables were measured 3 times (pretest and posttest at 1 week and 6 months after training).
RESULTS
There were significant differences in attitude (t=2.68, p=.009) and performance ability (t=4.56, p < .001) between the groups at 1 week after training, as well as in sustained performance ability at 6 months after training (F=6.76, p=.012).
CONCLUSION
The 5-step method of infant CPR training was effective for improving performance ability in a sustained manner and promoting a positive attitude. Therefore, it is recommended that nursing students, as infant CPR novices, receive training using this effective method.

Keyword

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Infant; Education

MeSH Terms

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
Education
Humans
Infant*
Methods*
Nursing*
Students, Nursing
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