Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2018 Aug;9(4):143-149. 10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.02.

Effects of Physical Activity on Depression in Adults with Diabetes

  • 1Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health & Medical Sciences, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea. dj7407@hanmail.net


The purpose of this study was to identify the current state of physical activity in adults with diabetes and to investigate the effect of physical activity on depression.
The present study was conducted using data from the 2nd year of the 6th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. From the total of 7,550 individuals, 418 adults diagnosed with diabetes were selected as participants, and their physical activity and depression levels were examined.
The physical activity status of the participants showed that they did not usually engage in physical activities at work, and only a few participants were involved in moderate intensity physical leisure activity. Apart from walking for 10 minutes each day, which accounted for 1/3 of the participants, most of the participants did not engage in specific forms of exercise. An examination of the effects of physical activity on depression revealed that moderate intensity physical activity at work and leisure influenced depression. In terms of demographic characteristics, gender, occupation, income quintile, and subjective health status were all found to affect depression.
For elderly (60 years or older) patients with diabetes, which accounted for the majority of the diabetic population, a systematic leisure program and professional education are necessary to help them to manage stress and depression in daily life. Additionally, provision of community and family support should encourage regular, moderate intensity exercise and promote lifestyle changes to encourage increased physical activity.


depression; diabetes mellitus; patients; physical activity
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