Korean J Community Nutr.  2017 Dec;22(6):507-519. 10.5720/kjcn.2017.22.6.507.

Risk of Metabolic Syndrome according to Intakes of Vegetables and Kimchi in Korean Adults: Using the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010–2011

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Science & Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea. sonsm@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The objective of this study was to examine the relations between total vegetable and Kimchi intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults.
METHODS
This study used dietary intake and health data of 6668 subjects aged 20 years and over from the 2010-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Daily intakes of total vegetables and Kimchi were assessed by 24-hour recall data. The odds ratio of Mets risk according to daily intake of vegetables and Kimchi was analyzed, respectively.
RESULTS
The highest consumption of total vegetables was associated with a lower risk of abdominal obesity (multivariable adjusted OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.33, 0.93) in men and lower risk of Mets (multivariable adjusted OR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.47, 0.94) in women. Kimchi consumption was not related to the risk of Mets in both men and in women. However, a higher intake of Kimchi was associated with an increased risk of elevated blood pressure (Q1 vs Q5, multivariable adjusted OR=1.34, 95% CI: 0.95, 1.90, P for trend= 0.0261) in women.
CONCLUSIONS
A higher intake of vegetables was associated with decreased risk of abdominal obesity and Mets in both men and women, respectively. A higher consumption of Kimchi was not related to the risk of Mets in both in men and in women. However, a higher intake of Kimchi was associated with an increased risk of elevated blood pressure in women.

Keyword

OR of metabolic syndrome; vegetable intake; Kimchi intake

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Blood Pressure
Female
Humans
Korea*
Male
Nutrition Surveys*
Obesity, Abdominal
Odds Ratio
Vegetables*
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