J Korean Acad Nurs.  2017 Aug;47(4):476-487. 10.4040/jkan.2017.47.4.476.

The Effects of Mobile Social Networking Service-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Insomnia in Nurses

  • 1College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. suksunkim@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Nursing Department, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea.


This study aimed to examine the effects of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) based on the mobile social networking service (SNS) on dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, depression, and quality of life among rotating-shift nurses in a hospital in Korea.
A nonequivalent control group pre-post test design was used. The participants included 55 nurses with rotating three-shift work (25 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group). For the experimental group, CBT-I using mobile SNS was provided once a week for 60 minutes over six weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ²-test, independent samples t-test, and Mann-whitney U test with the SPSS 21.0 program.
In the homogeneity test of the general characteristics and study variables, there were no significant differences between the two groups. Nurses in the experimental group had significantly lower scores on dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes regarding sleep and sleepiness than nurses in the control group. Nurses in the experimental group had significantly higher scores on sleep quality and quality of life than nurses in the control group.
These findings indicate that using the mobile SNS-based CBT-I is feasible and has significant and positive treatment-related effects on rotating-shift nurses' irrational thoughts and beliefs in association with sleep, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and quality of life. These contribute to expanding our knowledge of rotating-shift nurses' sleep issues and their preferences for intervention.


Cognitive therapy; Nurses; Sleep; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Cognitive Therapy*
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Quality of Life
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders*


  • Figure 1 Flow of participants.


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