Gastrointest Interv.  2017 Mar;6(1):37-53. 10.18528/gii.170004.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography complications: Techniques to reduce risk and management strategies

Affiliations
  • 1Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Methodist Digestive Institute, Dallas, TX, USA. paultarnasky@mhd.com

Abstract

Adverse events after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are not uncommon and can be associated with tragic outcomes. Bleeding, perforation, and post-ERCP pancreatitis are the most common complications. Some events are unavoidable; others are associated with well described risk factors so that they can be either anticipated and/or measures can be taken for prevention or at least risk reduction. This review will focus on the more common complications after ERCP, their risk factors, and potential strategies for risk reduction. Additionally, recommendations for management of ERCP complications will be presented.

Keyword

Cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic retrograde; Hemorrhage; Intestinal perforation; Pancreatitis

MeSH Terms

Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde*
Hemorrhage
Intestinal Perforation
Pancreatitis
Risk Factors
Risk Reduction Behavior
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