Korean J Intern Med.  2016 Jan;31(1):73-81. 10.3904/kjim.2016.31.1.73.

Predictive value of CHADS2 score for cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome and documented coronary artery disease

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. giljshin@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
The CHADS2 score, used to predict the risk of ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, has been reported recently to predict ischemic stroke in patients with coronary heart disease, regardless of the presence of AF. However, little data are available regarding the relationship between the CHADS2 score and cardiovascular outcomes.
METHODS
This was a retrospective study on 104 patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent coronary angiography, carotid ultrasound, and transthoracic echocardiography.
RESULTS
The mean age of the subjects was 60.1 +/- 12.6 years. The CHADS2 score was as follows: 0 in 46 patients (44.2%), 1 in 31 (29.8%), 2 in 18 (17.3%), and > or = 3 in 9 patients (8.7%). The left atrial volume index (LAVi) showed a positive correlation with the CHADS2 score (20.8 +/- 5.9 for 0; 23.2 +/- 6.7 for 1; 26.6 +/- 10.8 for 2; and 30.3 +/- 8.3 mL/m2 for > or =3; p = 0.001). The average carotid total plaque area was significantly increased with CHADS2 scores > or = 2 (4.97 +/- 7.17 mm2 vs. 15.52 +/- 14.61 mm2; p = 0.002). Eight patients experienced cardiovascular or cerebrovascular (CCV) events during a mean evaluation period of 662 days. A CHADS2 score > or = 3 was related to an increase in the risk of CCV events (hazard ratio, 14.31; 95% confidence interval, 3.53 to 58.06). Furthermore, LAVi and the severity of coronary artery obstructive disease were also associated with an increased risk of CCV events.
CONCLUSIONS
The CHADS2 score may be a useful prognostic tool for predicting CCV events in ACS patients with documented coronary artery disease.

Keyword

Risk factors; Acute coronary syndrome; Atherosclerosis

MeSH Terms

Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications/*diagnostic imaging
Aged
Carotid Arteries/*diagnostic imaging
Carotid Artery Diseases/complications/*diagnostic imaging
Cerebrovascular Disorders/diagnosis/*etiology
*Coronary Angiography
Coronary Artery Disease/complications/*diagnostic imaging
*Decision Support Techniques
*Echocardiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Republic of Korea
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
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