Osteoporos Sarcopenia.  2016 Dec;2(4):214-220. 10.1016/j.afos.2016.09.003.

Could whole body vibration exercises influence the risk factors for fractures in women with osteoporosis?

Affiliations
  • 1Programa de Pós-graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. eloamarconi@gmail.com
  • 2Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas e Complementares – LAVIMPIC, Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
  • 3Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciéncias Médicas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 4Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
  • 5CyMO Research Institute, Valladolid, Spain.
  • 6Department of Exercise Sciences University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to review the literature about the relevance of the whole body vibration (WBV) in decreasing the number of fractures in osteoporotic women.
METHODS
Searches were performed by three independent researchers through the PubMed and PEDro databases.
RESULTS
Only 0.1% of the publications with "Fracture and osteoporosis" have a relation with WBVexercise. The achievements have revealed a positive effect of this exercise in patients with risk factors for fractures like osteoporosis. Protocols were performed two to three times a week, from 6 up to 18 months, and with 12.6 up to 40 Hz as frequencies. Different tools were used to evaluate the effects of the WBV exercise in conditions that could cause fractures in postmenopausal women.
CONCLUSIONS
Although the paucity of research regarding direct effects of WBV in decreasing fractures, WBV could be a feasible and effective way to modify well-recognized risk factors for falls and fractures, improvements in some aspects of neuromuscular function and balance. More studies have to be performed establish protocols with well controlled parameters.

Keyword

Vibration; Fractures; Osteoporosis
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