J Korean Acad Periodontol.  2000 Mar;30(1):167-178.

The Effect of Calcium-Phosphate Bovine Bone Powder on Guided Tissue Regeneration Using Biodegradable Membrane in Dogs

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Oral Histology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea.

Abstract

The present study evaluated the effects of guided tissue regeneration using biodegradable membrane, with and without calcium-phosphate thin film coated deproteinated bone powder in beagle dogs. Contralateral fenestration defects(6 x 4 mm) were created 4 mm apical to the buccal alveolar crest on maxillary canine teeth in 5 beagle dogs. Ca-P thin film coated deproteinated bone powder was implanted into one randomly selected fenestration defect(experimental group). Biodegradable membranes were used to provide bilateral GTR. Tissue blocks including defects with overlying membranes and soft tissues were harvested following a four- & eight-week healing interval and prepared for histologic analysis. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The regeneration of new bone, new periodontal ligament, and new cementum was occurred in experimental group more than control group. 2. The collapse of biodegradable membranes into defects were showed in control group and the space for regeneration was diminished. In experimental group, the space was maintained without collapse by graft materials. 3. In experimental group, the graft materials were resorbed at 4 weeks after surgery and regeneration of bone surrounding graft materials was occurred at 8 weeks after surgery. 4. Biodegradable membranes were not resorbed at 4 weeks and partial resorption was occurred at 8 weeks but the framework and the shape of membranes were maintained. No inflammation was showed at resorption. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that Ca-P thin film coated deproteinated bone powder has adjunctive effect to GTR in periodontal fenestration defects. Because it has osteoconductive property and prohibit collapse of membrane into defect, can promote regeneration of much new attachment apparatus.


MeSH Terms

Animals
Cuspid
Dental Cementum
Dogs*
Guided Tissue Regeneration*
Inflammation
Membranes*
Periodontal Ligament
Regeneration
Transplants
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