Tuberc Respir Dis.  2003 Sep;55(3):297-302.

A Case of Endobronchial Urokinase for Relief of Bronchial Obstruction by Blood Clots

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Maryknoll Hospital, Korea. openarmss@nate.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Airway obstruction due to blood clot occurs unusually but in a variety of clinical settings. Initial efforts for removal of the endobronchial blood clot involve flexible bronchoscopic evaluation with saline lavage and suctioning and then forceps extraction. If unsuccessful, further options include rigid bronchoscopy, Fogarty catheter dislogement of the clot, and topical thrombolytic agents. The several successful uses of endobronchial streptokinase or urokinase to dissolve an endobronchial blood clot have been previously reported, but not yet in Korea. Herein we describe a 51-year old man with superior vena cava thrombosis secondary to Behcet's disease who experienced life threatening airway obstruction after hemoptysis due to a large organized blood clot in left main bronchus. Urokinase(260,000 U), injected through a fiberoptic bronchoscope, totally dissolved the clot. No complications occured.

Keyword

Hemoptysis; Endobronchial blood clot; Endobronchial urokinase

MeSH Terms

Airway Obstruction
Bronchi
Bronchoscopes
Bronchoscopy
Catheters
Fibrinolytic Agents
Hemoptysis
Humans
Korea
Middle Aged
Streptokinase
Suction
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Surgical Instruments
Therapeutic Irrigation
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator*
Fibrinolytic Agents
Streptokinase
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
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