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Risk Factors for Acute Exacerbations in Elderly Asthma: What Makes Asthma in Older Adults Distinctive?

Sohn KH, Song WJ, Park JS, Park HW, Kim TB, Park CS, Cho SH, on behalf of the Elderly Asthma Cohort in Korea Group

PURPOSE: Asthma in the elderly (EA; ≥ 65 years of age) is increasing, adding a heavy socioeconomic burden to the healthcare system. However, little is known about risk factors associated...
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Pulmonary functions of patients with isolated mandibular fractures: a preliminary report

Famurewa B, Oginni FO, Aregbesola SB, Erhabor GE

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Cystic fibrosis lung disease: Current perspectives

Jung JA

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). These mutations alter the synthesis, processing, function, or...
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Use of a trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen device in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” scenario in a parturient: a case report

Lee J, Ng VV, Teo C, Wong P

BACKGROUND: The trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen (TRIO) device is less commonly used and is an alternative to trans-tracheal jet ventilation for maintaining oxygenation in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate”...
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Acute aortic dissection developed after cardiopulmonary resuscitation: transesophageal echocardiographic observations and proposed mechanism of injury

Lee DK, Kang KS, Cha YS, Cha KC, Kim H, Lee KH, Hwang SO

There has been no report about aortic dissection due to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We present here a case of acute aortic dissection as a rare complication of CPR and propose...
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Three Cases of Pierre Robin Sequence with Upper Airway Obstruction Relieved by Nasopharyngeal Airway Insertion

Oh MS, Park YM, Jung YH, Choi CW, Kim BI, Kwon JW

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), also called Robin sequence, is a congenital anomaly characterized by a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. Infants with PRS can present with varying...
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Anesthetic management in corticobasal degeneration with central sleep apnea: A case report

Shionoya Y, Nakamura K, Sunada K

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by dystonia, cognitive deficits, and an asymmetric akinetic-rigid syndrome. Little information is available regarding anesthetic management for CBD patients. Our patient...
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Unanticipated Difficult Intubation in Patient with Undiagnosed Posterior Glottic Stenosis

Lee S, Lee M, Koo BS, Chung YH

Posterior glottic stenosis (PGS) is frequently caused by prolonged intubation complications, which may limit the movement of the vocal cords and obstruct airway obstruction. Despite of a life-threatening condition, it...
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Analysis of Obstruction Site in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Based on Videofluoroscopy

Choi HR, Han K, Lee J, Hong SC, Kim JK, Cho JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Upper airway obstruction can occur at the soft palate, tongue base, or epiglottis among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Detection of these obstruction sites is very important...
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Clinical Characteristics and Management of Saccular Cysts: A Single Institute Experience

Kim JH, Kim MH, Ahn HG, Choi HS, Byeon HK

OBJECTIVES: A saccular cyst is defined as a dilated saccule of the larynx, filled with mucus, and is located between the false vocal cords and the thyroid cartilage. Although this...
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A Clinical Study of Acute Epiglottitis: Retrospective Review of 315 Patients in Korea

Kim BJ, Choi BG, Choi HG, Lee JY, Park BJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute epiglottitis is a life-threatening condition that can result in airway obstruction. The present study reports clinical features, management and patient outcomes in an acute epiglottitis. SUBJECTS AND...
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Pneumatosis Intestinalis Associated with Pulmonary Disorders

Ko Y, Shim SS, Kim Y, Chang JH

PURPOSE: To determine the clinical features, imaging findings and possible causes of pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) in thoracic disorder patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2017, Among 62 PI patients, four...
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Achalasia Cardia Resulting in Bronchial Obstruction: A Case Series and Literature Review

Then EO, Sunkara T, John F, Dewnani KK, Culliford , Gaduputi V

Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus that is characterized by loss of ganglionic neurons within the myenteric plexus of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resulting in failure of...
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Pierre Robin sequence with severe scoliosis in an adult: A case report of clinical and radiological features

Kim JJ, Choi DS, Jang I, Cha BK, Park IW

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction. PRS does not have a single pathogenesis, but rather is associated with multiple syndromes. This...
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A Case of Congenital Nasal Pyriform Aperture Stenosis

Lee J, Choi SY, Choi MS

Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) is a rare cause of upper airway obstruction in the newborn. This affliction is due to bony overgrowth of the nasal process of the...
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A Case of Recurrent Rosai-Dorfman Disease Successfully Treated with 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (Cladribine)

Cho MH, Jung HJ, Han JH, Park JE

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), is a rare histiocytic disorder of unknown etiology. Most patients with RDD have spontaneous remission, but in some patients,...
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Snoring during Bronchoscopy with Moderate Sedation Is a Predictor of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Cho J, Choi SM, Park YS, Lee CH, Lee SM, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Snoring is the cardinal symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Snoring and upper airway obstruction associated with major oxygen desaturation may occur in populations undergoing flexible bronchoscopy. METHODS: To evaluate...
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Association between blood pressure, inflammation and spirometry parameters in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Arslan S, Yildiz G, Özdemir L, Kaysoydu E, Özdemir B

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many systems including the cardiovascular system (ischemic heart diseases, heart failure, and hypertension) may act as comorbidities that can be seen during the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
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Four-Dimensional Thoracic CT in Free-Breathing Children

Goo HW

In pediatric thoracic CT, respiratory motion is generally treated as a motion artifact degrading the image quality. Conversely, respiratory motion in the thorax can be used to answer important clinical...
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Different Biological Pathways Are Up-regulated in the Elderly With Asthma: Sputum Transcriptomic Analysis

Kim BK, Lee HS, Sohn KH, Lee SY, Cho SH, Park HW

BACKGROUND: Elderly asthma (EA) is increasing, but the pathogenesis is unclear. This study aimed to identify EA-related biological pathways by analyzing genome-wide gene expression profiles in sputum cells. METHODS: A total...
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