Mycobiology.  2011 Sep;39(3):158-163.

Synnemata Production Using Silkworm Variety, Female Yangwonjam by Isaria tenuipes

Affiliations
  • 1National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-707, Korea. iphong20@korea.kr
  • 2Environment-friendly Agriculture Research Division, Gyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services, Jinju 660-985, Korea.

Abstract

This study was conducted to confirm the possible use of female Yangwonjam as a host for synnemata production of Isaria tenuipes in eight local areas in Korea. Silkworm pupation rate, infection rate and synnemata characteristics of I. tenuipes were examined. Normal silkworms had a higher pupation rate than silkworms inoculated with I. tenuipes. The pupae survival percentage of normal silkworm in cocoons was 92.5~97.6%, whereas it ranged from 91.1~95.6% in silkworms sprayed with I. tenuipes. Female Yangwonjam showed the highest survival percentage at 97.6% among the silkworm varieties tested. I. tenuipes infection rate of larvae of 5th instar newly-exuviated silkworms was 89.2~90.7% in the spring rearing season and 98.2~99.3% in the autumn rearing season. Synnemata production of I. tenuipes was excellent in female Yangwonjam with an incidence rate of 98.0% followed by male Yangwonjam (94.1%) and Baegokjam (93.3%) in the spring rearing season. Synnemata living weight ranged from 1.44~0.94 g in the spring rearing season. The female Yangwonjam had the heaviest synnemata weight (1.44 g) in the spring rearing season. The synnemata of I. tenuipes produced on pupae were white or milky-white in color, and were similar in shape and color to wild synnemata collected in Korea.

Keyword

Bombyx mori; Isaria tenuipes; Synnemata; Yangwonjam

MeSH Terms

Bombyx
Female
Humans
Incidence
Korea
Larva
Male
Pupa
Seasons
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