Arch Craniofac Surg.  2016 Jun;17(2):63-67. 10.7181/acfs.2016.17.2.63.

Use of Triamcinolone Acetonide to Treat Lower Eyelid Malposition after the Subciliary Approach

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. 8love17@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The subciliary approach is commonly used for reconstruction of orbital wall or zygomaticomaxillary fractures. However, this approach is associated with postoperative complications, especially lower eyelid malposition. We report the experience of managing postoperative lower eyelid malposition with triamcinolone acetonide.
METHODS
A retrospective review was performed for all traumatic facial fractures requiring surgery via the subciliary approach at Chosun University Hospital in 2014. For each patient meeting inclusion criteria, the medical chart was reviewed for demographic information and postoperative course, including the presence of postoperative eyelid malposition or scleral show.
RESULTS
The review identified 189 cases in which the subciliary approach was used, and postoperative lower eyelid malposition was found in 7 cases (3.7%). For these 7 patients, the mean therapeutic period (interval to correction of the malposition) was 10.5 weeks (range, 8 to 14 weeks). On average, patients received 3 injections of triamcinolone. In all cases, degrees of the malposition were improved, and none of the patients required an operative intervention to correct the malposition.
CONCLUSION
Triamcinolone injection is an appropriate treatment modality for lower eyelid malposition after subciliary approach. Treatment duration is relatively short, requiring fewer than 4 outpatient clinic visits, with relatively earlier recovery compared to conservative "wait-and-see" management.

Keyword

Eyelid; Ectropion; Triamcinolone

MeSH Terms

Ambulatory Care Facilities
Ectropion
Eyelids*
Humans
Orbit
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Triamcinolone Acetonide*
Triamcinolone*
Triamcinolone
Triamcinolone Acetonide
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