Gastrointest Interv.  2016 Mar;5(1):72-79. 10.18528/gii150018.

Predictors of esophageal self-expandable metal stent migration: An academic center study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA. jangs@ccf.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Although safe and effective, a wide array of complications of esophageal stent placement continues to pose a significant challenge to clinicians in providing optimal care for their patients.
METHODS
To identify factors associated with migration of self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) used in treating malignant and benign disease of esophagus, a retrospective study analyzing 105 cases (85 patients) of esophageal SEMS placement between January 2013 and June 2015 was conducted. All cases were performed in a single tertiary referral center. The key outcomes of interest were SEMS migration rates based on indication, stent type, design, and endoscopic findings prior to SEMS placement. Technical success rate, other major adverse outcomes and subgroup analysis of interest were also performed.
RESULTS
Overall esophageal SEMS migration rate was 26.7%. Significantly higher rates of stent migration were associated with fully covered stent use (38.1% vs 9.5%, P = 0.001) and stent use in benign conditions (43.9% vs 15.6%, P = 0.002). Our multivariable analysis also showed statistically significant increased risk of migration for SEMS placement in distal esophagus (P = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS
This study validated some of previously reported predictors of stent migration. In addition, stent use in benign esophageal disease was found to be a significant risk factor of SEMS migration. Large, prospective studies are necessary to further clarify modifiable risk factors to reduce the rate of SEMS migration.

Keyword

Dysphagia; Migration; Stent; Stricture

MeSH Terms

Constriction, Pathologic
Deglutition Disorders
Esophageal Diseases
Esophagus
Humans
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stents*
Tertiary Care Centers
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