Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2013 Dec;19(4):219-229. 10.4069/kjwhn.2013.19.4.219.

Gender Differences in Awareness of Preconception Care and Pregnancy

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Division of Nursing, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing Science, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea. charminggold@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify awareness levels in regard to preconception care and gender differences targeting single undergraduate students in their 20s.
METHODS
The study participants were 867 single undergraduate students aged 20~29 (523 women, 344 men). This was a descriptive research, in which awareness levels of preconception care and pregnancy were identified the through questionnaire surveys.
RESULTS
Gender differences in the awareness of reproductive care before conception were found. Generally, women's awareness of issues related to preconception care and pregnancy was higher than that of men. Women recognized risk factors in pregnancy (chi2=22.85, p<.001) and positive behaviors (chi2=10.91, p = .012) better than men. Women's awareness of preconception care was significantly higher than that of men (t=8.37, p<.001). The awareness levels of the students who completed a reproduction related class (t=3.16, p = .002) and the students who knew about folic acid (t=-10.78, p<.001) in preconception care were statistically significantly higher.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that the ways to educate and alert students to major risk factors before pregnancy and other reproductive care content before conception is to provide education both single women and single men.

Keyword

Gender; Awareness; Preconception care; Pregnancy

MeSH Terms

Education
Female
Fertilization
Folic Acid
Humans
Male
Preconception Care*
Pregnancy*
Surveys and Questionnaires
Reproduction
Risk Factors
Folic Acid
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