Korean J Vet Res.  2014 Jun;54(2):81-86.

Trends in antimicrobial sales for livestock and fisheries in Korea during 2003-2012

Affiliations
  • 1Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Anyang 430-757, Korea. imsk0049@korea.kr
  • 2Korea Animal Health Products Association, Seongnam 463-824, Korea.

Abstract

In this study, trends in the sales of antimicrobials for use in livestock facilities and fisheries from 2003 to 2012 were investigated with regard to antimicrobial group, antimicrobial usage, and animal species. The overall amount of antimicrobials sold each year from 2003 to 2007 was 1,500 tons, after which they decreased, with the lowest sales being 936 tons in 2012. The total volume of antimicrobials used for feed additives decreased markedly by 94% from 2003 to 2012, which was mainly attributed to banning of feed additives. However, antimicrobial consumption through self prescription by farmers for disease prevention and treatment increased by 25% from 2003 to 2012. The largest volume of antimicrobials sold was for use in pigs (48~57%), followed by poultry (18~24%), fisheries (11~25%), and cattle (5~8%). Tetracycline was the highest selling antimicrobial, followed by penicillins and sulfonamides, although the overall sale of all three antimicrobials gradually decreased over the study period. This study demonstrated that the total consumption of antimicrobials has gradually decreased since 2008. Nevertheless, usage by nonprofessionals increased, which can ultimately cause emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Thus, early establishment of veterinary prescription guidelines for prudent use of antimicrobials is urgently needed in Korea.

Keyword

antimicrobials; fisheries; livestock; sales

MeSH Terms

Animals
Cattle
Commerce*
Fisheries*
Korea
Livestock*
Penicillins
Poultry
Prescriptions
Sulfonamides
Swine
Tetracycline
Penicillins
Sulfonamides
Tetracycline
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