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Prescription of antibiotics after tooth extraction in adults: a nationwide study in Korea

Choi YY

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance...
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Drug hypersensitivity reactions in Asia: regional issues and challenges

Thong BY, Lucas M, Kang HR, Chang YS, Li PH, Tang MM, Yun J, Fok JS, Kim BK, Nagao M, Rengganis , Tsai YG, Chung WH, Yamaguchi , Rerkpattanapipat T, Kamchaisatian W, Leung TF, Yoon HJ, Zhang L, Latiff AH, Fujisawa T, Thien F, Castells M, Demoly P, Wang JY, Pawankar R

There are geographical, regional, and ethnic differences in the phenotypes and endotypes of patients with drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) in different parts of the world. In Asia, aspects of drug...
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The Effect on Pain of Buzzy® and ShotBlocker® during the Administration of Intramuscular Injections to Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Sivri Bilgen B, Balcı S

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of Buzzy® and ShotBlocker® on reducing pain induced by intramuscular penicillin injections in children. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study. A total of 150 Turkish...
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Rapid Antigen Detection Test for Diagnosis of Bacterial Pharyngitis

Kim JY, Kim S

Pharyngitis is a prevalent disease of the upper respiratory tract that requires treatment with an antibiotic. Group A streptococci (GAS) are the most frequent etiologic agents of bacterial pharyngitis. Because...
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The First Case of Otitis in Korea Caused by Brevibacterium otitidis

Mun SH, Lee AJ, Kim SG, Jeon CH, Park CG, Suh HS

Brevibacterium spp. are gram-positive rods that are considered to be strictly nonpathogenic, and a very few cases of their infection in humans have been reported. In this study, we report...
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First Case in Korea of Group B Streptococcus With Reduced Penicillin Susceptibility Harboring Amino Acid Substitutions in Penicillin-Binding Protein 2X

Yi A, Kim CK, Kimura K, Arakawa Y, Hur M, Yun YM, Moon HW

No abstract available.
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Antibiotics Susceptability of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Single Tertiary Childrens' Hospital Since 2014 and Choice of Appropriate Empirical Antibiotics

Jung J, Yoo RN, Sung H, Kim M, Lee J

PURPOSE: We investigated the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pneumococcal isolates from hospitalized children at Asan Medical Center for recent 4 years, and aimed to recommend proper choice of empirical...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Invasive and Noninvasive Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Korea between 2014 and 2016

Park DC, Kim SH, Yong D, Suh IB, Kim YR, Yi J, Song W, Song SA, Moon HW, Lee HK, Park KU, Kim S, Jeong SH, Lee J, Jeong J, Kim YK, Lee M, Cho J, Kim JW, Shin KS, Hwang SH, Chung JW, Woo HI, Lee CH, Ryoo N, Chang CL, Kim HS, Kim J, Shin JH, Kim SH, Lee MK, Lee SG, Jang SJ, Lee K, Suh H, Sohn YH, Kwon MJ, Lee HJ, Hong KH, Woo KS, Park CM, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We...
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Nocardia abscessus Cutaneous Abscess: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Park HS, Son BR, Song MS, Shin KS

We describe a cutaneous abscess caused by Nocardia abscessus in a previously healthy woman. A 74-year-old woman presented with recurrent bullae on her left forearm that developed 1 week prior...
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Comparison of Silymarin, Penicillin, N-acetylcysteine in Patient with Amatoxin Poisoning: A Systematic Review

Choi MW, Ko DR, Kong T, Choa MH, You JS, Chung SP

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy of pharmacologic treatment of amatoxin poisoning patients. METHODS: Literature was accessed through PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, KoreaMed, KISS and KMBASE. Studies...
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Antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus colonized in children with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome

Kong SG

OBJECTIVES: Systemic antibiotic therapy with semisynthetic penicillinase-resistant penicillin or vancomycin and clindamycin are recommended for the treatment of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS). This study assessed the rate of antibiotic...
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Antibiotic Susceptibility and Treatment Response in Bacterial Skin Infection

Lim JS, Park HS, Cho S, Yoon HS

BACKGROUND: Bacterial skin infections occur secondarily in conditions involving a vulnerable skin barrier such as atopic eczema, as well as primarily such as impetigo. They are mainly caused by Staphylococcus...
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Prevalence of blaZ Gene and Performance of Phenotypic Tests to Detect Penicillinase in Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Japan

Takayama Y, Tanaka T, Oikawa K, Fukano N, Goto M, Takahashi

Guidelines recommend that clinical laboratories perform phenotypic tests (nitrocefin-based test and penicillin 10-U [P10] or 1-U [P1] zone edge tests) to detect penicillinase in Staphylococcus aureus isolates. This study aimed...
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The Evolving Epidemiology of Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains Isolated from Adults in Crete, Greece, 2009–2016

Maraki S, Mavromanolaki VE, Stafylaki , Hamilos G, Samonis G

BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in patients with comorbidities and advanced age. This study evaluated trends in epidemiology of adult pneumococcal disease...
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Changes in the Serotype Distribution among Antibiotic Resistant Carriage Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Children after the Introduction of the Extended-Valency Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Lee JK, Yun KW, Choi EH, Kim SJ, Lee SY, Lee HJ

This study investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of 3,820 nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from infants and children who presented with respiratory symptoms at Seoul National University Children's Hospital...
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Congenital Syphilis Presenting with Only Nephrotic Syndrome: Reemergence of a Forgotten Disease

Kim YH, Song JH, Kim CJ, Yang EM

Syphilis infection has re-emerged after years of declining incidence. The prevalence of congenital syphilis (CS) has increased in Korea and other countries during the last few decades. Untreated infants develop...
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Mounting resistance of uropathogens to antimicrobial agents: A retrospective study in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis relapse

Stamatiou , Pierris N

PURPOSE: Despite recent progress in the management of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP), many cases relapse. Increased drug resistance patterns of responsible bacteria have been proposed as the most probable causative...
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The Change of the Pathogen in Cultured Jones Tubes according to the Postoperative Periods

Park YM, Hwang KM, Lee JS

PURPOSE: To evaluate the change in pathogens in cultured Jones tubes used in lacrimal bypass surgery according to postoperative period and to provide basic data related to preventive antibiotics or...
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Throat Carriage Rate and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes In Rural Children in Argentina

Delpech G, Sparo M, Baldaccini B, Pourcel G, Lissarrague S, García Allende L

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic carriers of group A β-hemolytic streptococci (GAS) in children living in a rural community and to investigate...
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