Korean J Dermatol.  2002 Aug;40(8):924-931.

A Clinical Observation of Cutaneous Premalignant and Malignant Tumors

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There has been a concern about the incidence of the cutaneous premalignant and malignant tumors. It has increased recently and has varied according to social and environmental influence.
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of our study was to clarify the recent trends in cutaneous premalignant and malignant tumors, and to compare them with other reports.
METHODS
The 175 cases out of the total number of 34,333 new outpatients were diagnosed cutaneous premalignant and malignant tumors from January, 1990 to December, 2000 at the Department of Dermatology, Yeungnam University Hospital. Incidence and its change, age and sex distribution, and anatomical site were investigated. RESULT: 1. The incidence of cutaneous premalignant and malignant tumors was 0.51%, and increased lately. 2. Among the 175 cases of premalignant and malignant tumors, basal cell carcinoma(30.9%) was the most common, followed by squamous cell carcinoma(22.9%), actinic keratosis(12.6%), Bowen's disease(10.9%). 3. The premalignant lesions were increased and outnumbered squamous cell carcinoma since 1996. 4. Basal cell carcinoma was the most common skin cancer that had markedly increased in comparison with squamous cell carcinoma. 5. Actinic keratosis, Bowen's disease, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma on sun exposed areas were much more increased than on non exposed areas. 6. The mean age of patients was 65.3+/-15.0 years, and the age of the majority of cases(94.3%) was over 40 years. 7. The ratio of male to female was 1.01 : 1. The number of females increased relatively in comparison with previous reports. 8. The most common site was the face(55.4%), followed by scalp(12.0%), trunk (12.0%).

Keyword

Cutaneous premalignant and malignant tumors

MeSH Terms

Actins
Bowen's Disease
Carcinoma, Basal Cell
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Dermatology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Keratosis, Actinic
Male
Melanoma
Outpatients
Sex Distribution
Skin Neoplasms
Solar System
Actins
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