Korean J Community Nutr.  1997 Oct;2(4):556-567.

Nutritional Status of the Elderly Living in Cheongju - I. Health-Related Habits, Dietary Behaviors and Nutrient Intakes

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.
  • 3Department Food & Nutrition, Soonchunhyang University, Asna, Korea.

Abstract

The health-related habits dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes of the elderly living in Cheongju were investigated by interviews with a questionnaire from August to September in 1996. The responses of 169 free-living elderly aged over 65(male 91, female 78) were analyzed. Thirty-six percent of the subjects smoked currently, 33%, drank alcoholic beverages, and 52% exercise regularly. Exercise was mostly in the from of walking for 1/2-1 hour. Significantly higher proportions of males smoked, drank, and exercised as compared to females. Food groups eaten at every meal were examined on a 5-point scale, and the consumption scores were compared with groups according to sex, age, smoking, drinking, and exercise habits. The elderly who exercised regularly got significantly higher scores in their calcium intakes and the variety of the 6 food groups than the elderly who did not exercise. The dietary assessment data showed that the energy intakes of males and females were 81.9% and 72.8% of the RDAs, respectively. The proportions of the elderly consuming less than 75% of RDAs of vitamin A and calcium were 96.5% and 91.1% of the total subjects, respectively. Higher educational status, more pocket money and regular exercise had positive effects on nutrient intakes, while smoking and drinking among females, but not males, had negative effects. Therefore, to improve nutritional status of the elderly, intake of vitamin A-and calcium-rich food such as milk with regular exercise should be emphasized on the education program.

Keyword

elderly; dietary behaviors; nutrient intakes; smoking; alcohol drinking; exercise

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholic Beverages
Calcium
Chungcheongbuk-do*
Drinking
Education
Educational Status
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Male
Meals
Milk
Nutritional Status*
Smoke
Smoking
Vitamin A
Vitamins
Walking
Surveys and Questionnaires
Calcium
Smoke
Vitamin A
Vitamins
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