Korean J Anesthesiol.  2007 Jun;52(6):S32-S36. 10.4097/kjae.2007.52.6.S32.

The Effect of High FiO2 Plus Liberal Intraoperative Fluid on the Early PONV and Pain in Patients undergoing Intra-abdominal Surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. myungsmc@yahoo.co.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The previous studies on the influence of perioperative supplemental oxygen or generous fluid on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) were inconsistent. We hypothesized in this trial that together with supplemental intraoperative oxygen and liberal fluid therapy would decrease PONV and pain. METHODS: Two hundred ASA 1 or 2 patients undergoing laparotomy and laparoscopic abdominal or gynecological surgery were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: intraoperative FiO2 0.3 and crystalloid 6 ml/kg/h; FiO2 0.3 and 18 ml/kg/h; FiO2 0.8 and 6 ml/kg/h; FiO2 0.8 and 18 ml/kg/h. The incidence of PONV, nausea and pain scores, and amount of rescue antiemetic and analgesic drugs were studied. RESULTS: Overall incidence of PONV was 38%, 50%, 48%, 44% for group 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among the 4 groups in the incidence of PONV, degree of nausea and pain, and the amount of antiemetics and analgesics in 2, 6, and 24 h postoperatively. The number of laparotomy and laparoscopy, and gender ratio were similar among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: We could not demonstrate an advantage of combination of intraoperative supplementary oxygen and liberal fluid in reducing PONV, pain, and amount of antiemetics and analgesics after intra-abdominal surgery.

Keyword

abdominal surgery; fluid; hyperoxia; pain; PONV

MeSH Terms

Analgesics
Antiemetics
Female
Fluid Therapy
Gynecologic Surgical Procedures
Humans
Hyperoxia
Incidence
Laparoscopy
Laparotomy
Nausea
Oxygen
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting*
Analgesics
Antiemetics
Oxygen
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