J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs.  2007 Apr;13(2):119-127.

Factors Influencing Parenting Confidence in First-time Mothers of Infants in Their First Year

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Shinsung College, Korea. simkyung@shinsung.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Korea.
  • 4College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.
  • 5College of Nursing, University of Oklahoma, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing parenting confidence in first-time mothers and to provide basic data for development of maternal role education programs. METHOD: The participants were 194 first-time mothers of babies aged 1-6 months who visited well-baby clinics in 4 hospitals. Instruments used in this study were self-reported questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
The parenting confidence level was moderate with a mean score of 3.26(range 1-6). Infant temperament was significantly correlated with maternal role confidence. Maternal role confidence was significantly correlated with child-rearing environment. Infant temperament and parenting stress were significant predictors explaining 50% maternal role confidence.
CONCLUSIONS
Nursing Interventions to promote parenting confidence among first-time mothers of infants in their first year are needed to improve maternal perception to infant temperament and reduce parenting stress.

Keyword

Parenting confidence; Infant

MeSH Terms

Education
Humans
Infant*
Mothers*
Nursing
Parenting*
Parents*
Temperament
Child Health
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