J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs.  2006 Oct;12(4):478-485.

A Study on Safety Knowledge, Health Beliefs and Self-efficacy of Child Care Teachers

  • 1Department of Nursing, Mokpo Catholic University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Chung-ang University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chungang university, Korea. mihye@cau.ac.kr


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between safety knowledge, health beliefs and self-efficacy in child care teachers. METHOD: The participants were 394 teachers from child care centers in Seoul city. Data collection was done using a questionnaire that included a Safety Knowledge Test, Health Belief Scale and Self-efficacy Scale. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. The SPSS 11.0 Win program was used for analysis.
The mean was 12.11 for safety knowledge, 38.31 for health belief, and 91.07 for self-efficacy. There were statistically significant differences in the degree of safety knowledge according to safety education, in the level of health beliefs according to length of service as a teacher and in the degree of self-efficacy according to age, and length of service as a teacher. There were statistically significant positive correlations between safety knowledge and health belief, and between safety knowledge and self-efficacy of child care teachers.
According to the results, programs to improve safety knowledge, health beliefs and self-efficacy of child care teachers should be developed and used to decrease the proportion of accidents involving children in Korea.


Child care teacher; Safety; Knowledge; Health-belief; Self-efficacy
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