Korean J Spine.  2011 Jun;8(2):106-112. 10.14245/kjs.2011.8.2.106.

Bone Cement Augmented Screw Fixation for Severe Osteoporotic Spine: Large Series of Clinical Application

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. chosunns@hanmail.net


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of bone cement augmented screw fixation for the patients accompanying severe osteoporosis.
Between February 2004 and August 2007, 157 patients with various spinal diseases including fractures accompanying severe osteoporosis underwent a bone cement augmented screw fixation (947 levels). About 4.8cc of polymethylmethacrylate was injected into the each vertebral body through transpedicular route. We divided the patients into two groups (Group I: Posterior fusion for compression/burst fractures or idiopathic scoliosis, Group II: Interbody fusion for various spinal diseases). Imaging and clinical features were analyzed, including bone cement augmented levels, fusion rate, clinical outcome and complications. The visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry disability questionnaire and modified MacNab's criteria were used for the assessment of pain and functional capacity.
In both groups, a significant improvement in VAS and Oswestry disability questionnaire was achieved. 146 out of 157 patients (93%) were graded as excellent or good result according to the modified MacNab's criteria. None of the patients experienced operative death, screw pullout or cut-up. However, there were two cases of neurologic deterioration as a result of bone cement extravasation.
Bone cement augmented transpedicular screwing can reduce the possibility of screw loosening and pullout in patients with severe osteoporosis.


Bone cement; Severe osteoporosis; Fusion
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