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Posterior Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with High-Density Pedicle Screw-Only Constructs: 5 Years of Follow-Up

Hwang CJ, Baik JM, Cho JH, Yoon SJ, Lee DH, Lee CS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze radiological outcomes in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent posterior correction with high-density pedicle screw-only constructs. We hypothesized that high-density pedicle screw-only...
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Happle-Tinschert Syndrome: A Case Report of Unilateral Segmentally Arranged Basaloid Follicular Hamartoma with Scoliosis and Review of Literature

Seo SH, Lee SE, Kim SC

Happle-Tinschert syndrome is a rare disease characterized by unilateral, segmentally arranged basaloid follicular hamartoma (BFH) with osseous, dental, and cerebral anomalies. Although BFH has been demonstrated to be associated with...
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Rare Cases of PLOD1-Related Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in a Korean Family Identified by Next Generation Sequencing

Shin YL, Park YN, Jang MA

Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (kEDS) is an autosomal recessive connective tissue disorder characterized by muscular hypotonia, hyperextensible skin, skin fragility, joint hypermobility, and progressive kyphoscoliosis. The disorder results from a deficiency...
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Secondary Cervicothoracic Scoliosis in Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Kim JH, Yum TH, Shim JS

BACKGROUND: Although secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis frequently occurs in patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), the relationship between scoliosis and CMT has not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the...
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Comparison of the Effects of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod and Tradiotinal Growing Rod Techniques on the Sagittal Plane in the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Erdoğan S, Polat B, Atıcı Y, Özyalvaç ON, Öztürk C

OBJECTIVE: Comparing the effects of magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) and traditional growing rod (TGR) techniques on the sagittal plane in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS). METHODS: Twelve patients were...
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Outcomes of Non-Operative Management for Pseudarthrosis after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies at Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Kim YC, Kim KT, Kim CK, Hwang IY, Jin WY, Lenke LG, Cha JR

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a...
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What Should an Ideal Adult Spinal Deformity Classification System Consist of?: Review of the Factors Affecting Outcomes of Adult Spinal Deformity Management

Naresh-Babu J, Viswanadha AK, Ito M, Park JB

This literature review aims to determine potential clinical factors or comorbidities besides radiological parameters that affect the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) management and review existing classifications associated with...
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Minimum 2-Year Experience with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Wu AM, Cheung JP, Cheung KM, Lin JL, Jin HM, Chen D, Wang XY, Zhao J, Kwan KY

Magnetically controlled growing rods have been used to treat early-onset scoliosis for the last 9 years; however, few studies have been published, with only short-term follow-up. The aim of the...
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A 1-Year Cost Analysis of Spinal Surgical Procedures in Spain: Neurosurgeons Versus Orthopedic Surgeons

Avellanal , Martin-Corvillo M, Barrigon L, Espi MV, Escolar CM

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the direct costs of various spinal surgical procedures within 1 year of follow-up and to compare the profiles of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: All spinal procedures performed...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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Is Cervical Stabilization for All Cases of Chiari-I Malformation an Overkill? Evidence Speaks Louder Than Words!

Deora H, Behari S, Sardhara J, Singh S, Srivastava AK

Chiari I malformation is characterized by the downward displacement of cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. While discussing the treatment options for Chiari I malformation, the points of focus include:...
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Prevalence of Thoracic Scoliosis in Koreans Using Simple Chest Radiography

Chang DG, Kim GU, Suk SI, Lim DJ, Oh IT, Nam KY, Kim JH, Kim YH, Ha KY

STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To provide reference data for the study and treatment of thoracic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There have been no reports on the prevalence of thoracic...
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Etiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Literature Review

Kikanloo S, Tarpada SP, Cho W

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the peripubertal development of spinal curvature of a minimum of 10°. AIS is thought to be attributable to genetic factors, nutrition, early exposure to toxins,...
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The Effect of Schroth Therapy on Thoracic Kyphotic Curve and Quality of Life in Scheuermann's Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Bezalel T, Carmeli E, Levi D, Kalichman

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled single-blinded clinical trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Schroth therapy on thoracic curve angle, pain, and self-perceived body image (SPBI) of the back in Scheuermann's patients...
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APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award: Is There a Difference between Patients' and Parents' Perception of Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chan CY, Gani SM, Lim MY, Chiu CK, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To compare Patients' and parents’ perceptions of physical attributes (PAs) of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to report any correlations between their perceptions and Scoliosis...
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Segmental Spinal Dysgenesis–“Redefined”

Chellathurai A, Ayyamperumal B, Thirumaran R, Kathirvelu G, Muthaiyan , Kannappan

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single institutional observational study. PURPOSE: Segmental spinal dysgenesis (SSD), a complex spinal dysraphic state caused by notochord malformation disorders, is named after its morphological presentation where a spine...
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Correction of Single Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using Pedicle Screw Instrumentation: Comparison of Stainless Steel to Titanium Alloy Instruments

Kim SS, Lim DJ, Kim JH, Choi BW, Kim HY, Lee JS

PURPOSE: To compare the results of two different instruments made of stainless steel and titanium alloy for correction of single thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using pedicle screw instrumentation. MATERIALS AND...
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Effect of Fascial Distortion Model on the Cobb's Angle in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Lee WJ

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of the fascial distortion model (FDM) method on Cobb's angle. METHODS: Fourteen subjects participated in this study. The idiopathic scoliosis group performed FDM treatments eight...
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Development of Novel Animal Model for Studying Scoliosis Using a Noninvasive Method and Its Validation through Gene-Expression Analysis

Banala RR, Vemuri SK, Penkulinti M, AV GR, GPV S

STUDY DESIGN: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. PURPOSE: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and...
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Role of Posterior Ligamentous Reinforcement in Proximal Junctional Kyphosis: A Cadaveric Biomechanical Study

Kim JS, Cheung ZB, Arvind V, Caridi J, Cho SK

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric biomechanical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to biomechanically evaluate the effect of preserving or augmenting the interspinous ligament (ISL) and supraspinous ligament (SSL; ISL/SSL) complex...
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