J Agric Med Community Health.  2008 Jun;33(1):1-10.

Effect of the Prevention Programs for Musculoskeletal Disorders in one Farming Village

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Korea. sjlee@hanyang.ac.kr
  • 2Hanyang University College of Communication and Social science, Korea.
  • 3Rural Resources Development Institute, NIAST, RDA, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to introduce the prevention programs for musculoskeletal disorders in one farming village.
METHODS
We visited the village hall 12 times and gave an education program 9 times to residents. At the beginning, the middle, and the end of the program, we evaluated musculoskeletal disorders by doctors, musculoskeletal pains using the visual analogue scale, muscular strengths and flexibilities and musculoskeletal functions using structured questionnaires.
RESULTS
Fifty seven residents participated in this program at least one time, 20 (35.1%) were males and 37 (64.9%) were females. The mean age of participants is 60.7 (+/-8.1). Forty three residents were evaluated by doctors at least one time. Thirty three residents were diagnosed to at least one musculoskeletal disease. The severity of pains of neck-shoulders, low backs, and leg-knees tended to decline while 3 tests went by and those of the 3rd test are less severe than the 1st test statistically significantly (p<0.05). Musculoskeletal functions were improved as tests went by but not differed statistically significantly. Muscular strengths and flexibilities were better in the 1st than the 3rd test statistically significantly (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
Despite the program were held in off-season for farmers and the number of participants are small, through the program, musculoskeletal pains and functions were improved and muscular strengths and flexibilities were strengthened. We think that the program needs to be held during the busy farming season as well as the off-season.

Keyword

Musculoskeletal disease; Prevention; Agriculture
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