Saf Health Work.  2016 Jun;7(2):171-174. 10.1016/

Promoting a Shared Representation of Workers' Activities to Improve Integrated Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

  • 1University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Angers, France.
  • 2Research Institute for Environmental and Occupational Health (IRSET), Rennes, France.
  • 3University Hospital, Angers, France.


Effective and sustainable prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WR-MSDs) remains a challenge for preventers and policy makers. Coordination of stakeholders involved in the prevention of WR-MSDs is a key factor that requires greater reflection on common knowledge and shared representation of workers' activities among stakeholders. Information on workers' strategies and operational leeway should be the core of common representations, because it places workers at the center of the "work situation system" considered by the intervention models. Participatory ergonomics permitting debates among stakeholders about workers' activity and strategies to cope with the work constraints in practice could help them to share representations of the "work situation system" and cooperate. Sharing representation therefore represents a useful tool for prevention, and preventers should provide sufficient space and time for dialogue and discussion of workers' activities among stakeholders during the conception, implementation, and management of integrated prevention programs.


musculoskeletal disorders; participatory ergonomics; prevention; representation; work

MeSH Terms

Administrative Personnel
Human Engineering
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