J Agric Med Community Health.  2015 Jun;40(2):72-79. 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.2.072.

Related factors of the Tuberculosis as a primary cause among the HIV disease deaths

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hongseong Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Seoul Metropolitan Seobuk Hospital, Korea. baegju.na@seoul.go.kr
  • 3Minddle Health Welfare Social Cooperation, Korea.
  • 4Department of Public Health, The Graduate School of Public Health and Welfare, Konyang University, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To identify the importance of preventing tuberculosis for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infectees and to monitor their management of health, we investigated the proportion of HIV-TB (Tuberculosis) deaths among the HIV deaths and its related factors.
METHODS
Data for HIV deaths from 2002 to 2010 was acquired from Statistics Korea, after which the HIV deaths were reclassified into HIV-TB deaths or other deaths according to the KCD (Korean Classification of Diseases). We analyzed the proportion of HIV-TB deaths among HIV disease deaths and the relationship between HIV-TB deaths and related variables such as sex, age, educational level, marital status, etc.
RESULTS
There were 774 HIV deaths in South Korea between 2002 and 2010. TB was the main cause of death in 10.1% of all HIV deaths. The total proportion of HIV-TB deaths was 10.1% but its proportion reached 16.3% between 2005-2007 and then decreased to 4% in 2010. Also, the proportion of HIV-TB deaths was significantly high in the young age groups, but its proportion was significantly low in married groups and well educated groups (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
The result implies that the policy that takes care of HIV infectee regarding TB prevention has been getting systemized on a national scale. Also, HIV-TB deaths have been affected by social factors such as education and marriage status.

Keyword

Death; Healthcare Disparities; HIV; Tuberculosis

MeSH Terms

Cause of Death
Classification
Education
Healthcare Disparities
HIV*
Humans
Korea
Marital Status
Marriage
Tuberculosis*
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