Korean J Orthod.  2004 Feb;34(1):83-91.

A comparison study of the effects of handpiece speed on teeth in debonding procedure

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Korea. sbypark@pusan.ac.kr
  • 2Private practice(Medical Dntal Clinic), Korea.

Abstract

This study was performed to examine treatment efficiency and patient discomfort rate according to used handpiece speed in clean-up technique. Brackets were bonded to extracted human premolar(50 teeth). After debonding, 50 extracted human premolar were divided into each two groups( low speed handpiece group with tungsten carbide bur and high speed handpiece group with ultra-fine diamond finishing bur ) of 25 according to used handpiece speed in clean-up technique. In clean-up procedure, teeth vibration and pulp thermal changes were measured. After clean-up procedure, the enamel surfaces of randomly selected 10 teeth from each two groups were taken by SEM and evaluated. The findings of this study were as follows ; 1. During resin removal, tooth vibrations of various amplitude in low speed handpiece group were more than those of high speed handpiece. 2. The pulpal thermal changes of high speed handpiece group were significantly higher than those of low speed handpiece group, also the resin removal time in high speed handpiece group was almost as twice as in low speed handpiece group. 3. The figures of SEM to enamel surfaces after resin removal showed that notches and resin remnants in high speed handpiece group were more than those in low speed handpiece group.

Keyword

Debonding(Clean-up); Handpiece; Patient discomfort

MeSH Terms

Bicuspid
Dental Enamel
Diamond
Humans
Tooth*
Tungsten
Vibration
Diamond
Tungsten
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