Korean J Orthod.  1996 Dec;26(6):647-655.

A comparison study of the effects of nasal breathing dysfunction due to adenoid obstruction on dentition by facial type

Abstract

In discussing the effects of adenoids on the development of the face and dentition, it is important to note their influence on the mode of breathing and to relate this to specific facial types and dentition. This study, therefore, assumed that the ability to adapt to individual's neuromuscular complex is various. And tried to investigate the effects of reduced nasal respiratory function on the development of dentition by facial type. This paper is based on children patients with enlarged adenoids and comparing them to data taken from a control group with normal respiratory function. Among the three facial types, the most statistical significant difference was observed from dolichofacial type between experimental and control group. In dolichofacial type, the experimental group showed labioversion of upper incisor, decrease in the width of upper arch, increase in overjet, increase in the rate of cross-bite, and increase in the height of palatal vault. No significant difference was observed between the two groups in the inclination of upper and lower incisors in mesofacial type, but the experimental group was observed to show decrease in the width of upper arch and increase in the height of palatal vault. On the other hand, in brachyfacial type, no significant difference was observed between the two groups in dentition variables except showing linguoversion of upper incisor. The results, which were observed in dolichofacial type, consist with Nordlund's theory of Compression.

Keyword

Nasal breathing dysfunction; Adenoid obstruction; Facial types; Dentition
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