Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2009 Nov;18(2):153-164.

A Study on the Correlation among Occupational Stress, Depression, Health-Related Behavior and Type A Behavior Patterns of Male Workers at a Steel Factory

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Sunlin College, Korea. agape90@sunlin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study investigates the relationship between job stress, depression, health-related behavior and type A behavior patterns among male workers at a steel factory.
METHODS
The study was done on 171 male workers, using the structured questionnaire. The data were collected in April, 2009 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and pearson correlation coefficient.
RESULTS
The results showed that 65.5% of workers were under moderate stress, 25.7% high stress and 0.6% extremely high stress. The overall score of these workers' occupational stress was 41.9, lower than the Korean workers' average. Occupational stress was correlated with depression, type A behavior patterns, a very poor physical condition without sufficient sleep.
CONCLUSION
Stress management program is strongly needed for these subjects working over 45 hours a week, with a very poor subjective physical condition, insufficient sleep, type A behavior patterns and signs of severe depression. Further longitudinal study is recommended to show the effect of such worker's stress management program to mitigate job-related stress.

Keyword

Workers; Stress; Depression; Behavior patterns; Health behaviors
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