Asian Spine J.  2015 Jun;9(3):321-326. 10.4184/asj.2015.9.3.321.

Gait Analysis in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. hirosuke819@hotmail.com

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Gait analysis of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) by using a sheet-type gait analysis system. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the gait patterns of patients with CSM, evaluated by the Nurick grades, and to determine the threshold values of gait parameters predicting the occurrence of a fall by using a gait recorder. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Gait disorder due to CSM may progress to severe paraplegia, following even a minor trauma such as a fall. The indications for the surgery of CSM without severe paralysis remain controversial. The quantitative gait analysis and the decision for decompressive surgery in patients with CSM are important in order to prevent severe paraplegia from a fall.
METHODS
One hundred thirty-two subjects (normal, 34; CSM, 98) underwent gait analysis by using a sensor sheet. Measurements of gait cycle parameters included the step and stride length, step width, foot angle, swing phase, and stance phase. CSM was assessed by Nurick grade.
RESULTS
Although the clinical symptoms were lacking, Nurick grade 1 had significant abnormalities in the parameters of velocity, step length, and step angle (p<0.05). Regarding the Nurick grade and walking phase, the length of the stance phase was increased to more than 70% of the entire walking cycle in Nurick grade 4.
CONCLUSIONS
Gait analysis was an objective tool for evaluating the gait stability. Our results suggested that when the percentage of the stance phase in the gait cycle increases to above 70%, the CSM patients have an increased fall risk.

Keyword

Gait; Movement disorders; Physical examination; Spinal cord diseases

MeSH Terms

Foot
Gait*
Humans
Movement Disorders
Paralysis
Paraplegia
Physical Examination
Spinal Cord Diseases*
Walking
Full Text Links
  • ASJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr