Asian Nurs Res.  2013 Mar;7(1):26-32.

Factors Affecting the Perception of Importance and Practice of Patient Safety Management among Hospital Employees in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing Science, Hoseo University, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Gangneung Yeongdong College, Kangwon, South Korea.
  • 4Department of Nursing, Korean Bible University, Seoul, South Korea.
  • 5Department of Nursing, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Kangwon, South Korea. jiheachoi@yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The study was undertaken to identify factors affecting perception of the importance and practice of patient safety management (PSM) among hospital employees in Korea.
METHODS
This study was conducted using a descriptive design and a self-report questionnaire. Two hundred and eighty employees were recruited from three hospitals using a convenience sampling method. Measures were perception of the importance, practice, and characteristics of PSM. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics including t test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression.
RESULTS
Factors affecting perception of the importance of PSM were whether hospital employees were in contact with patients while on duty, weekly working hours, education on PSM, and perceived adequacy of PSM system construction. Factors affecting the practice of PSM were perceived adequacy of work load, perceived adequacy of PSM system construction and perception of its importance.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study indicate a need for developing strategies to improve perception of the importance and practice of PSM among all hospital employees, and provide a reference for future experimental studies.

Keyword

patient safety; perception; safety management

MeSH Terms

Humans
Korea
Patient Safety
Safety Management
Surveys and Questionnaires
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