Korean J Infect Dis.  1998 Jun;30(3):251-258.

Analysis of Twenty-Three Cases of Cytomegalovirus Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine.
  • 2Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Cytomegalovirus(CMV) disease is an important opportunistic infection and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. To determine predisposing conditions to CMV disease and its prognosis, the authors reviewed the clinical courses of patients with CMV disease.
METHODS
We reviewed medical records of 23 patients with CMV disease diagnosed at Seoul National University Hospital from 1987 to 1997.
RESULTS
CMV pneumonia was diagnosed in 8 patients. Underlying conditions of the patients were allogeneic bone marrow transplant(BMT) in 4 patients, lupus nephritis in 1, dermatomyositis in 1, and renal transplantation recipient in 1. The cumulative dose of corticosteroid given to the BMT recipients before the development of CMV pneumonia ranged between 1,000 and 4,700 mg, whereas that to the non-BMT patients ranged between 2,100 and 6,000 mg. Of the 8 patients with CMV pneumonia, five patients(75%) died. Of the 15 CMV gastroenteritis, two had CMV gastric ulcers. The gastric ulcers showed clinical and endoscopic improvement with systemic ganciclovir therapy. Among 13 patients with CMV enterocolitis, nine had preceding GI diseases, and nine had received systemic corticosteroids. Five patients died. The mortality was lower in patients with underlying bowel diseases than in those without ones(22% vs. 75%, respectively).
CONCLUSION
The mortality of CMV disease was 62.5%, 0%, and 38% in patients with CMV pneumonia, gastric ulcer, and enterocolitis, respectively. GVHD, systemic corticosteroid and/or immunosuppressive therapy were major risk factors of CMV diseases.

Keyword

Cytomegalovirus; CMV pneumonia; Gastrointestinal CMV disease; Bone marrow transplant; Opportunistic infection

MeSH Terms

Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Bone Marrow
Cytomegalovirus*
Dermatomyositis
Enterocolitis
Ganciclovir
Gastroenteritis
Humans
Immunocompromised Host
Kidney Transplantation
Lupus Nephritis
Medical Records
Mortality
Opportunistic Infections
Pneumonia
Prognosis
Risk Factors
Seoul
Stomach Ulcer
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Ganciclovir
Full Text Links
  • KJID
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error