Korean J Med Phys.  2007 Sep;18(3):167-171.

Evaluation of Skin Dose of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy in Breast Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. skkim@ynu.ac.kr

Abstract

In the case of radiotherapy following breast conservation therapy for breast cancer patients, the characteristic of skin dose was investigated in the treatment of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for breast cancer patients by comparing and analysing entrance skin dose irradiated during radiotherapy using tangential technique radiotherpy, and IMRT. The calculation dose irradiated to breast skin was compared with TLD measurement dose in treatment planning by performing the two methods of radiotherapy using tangential technique, and IMRT in treatment planning equipment. The skin absorbed dose was measured to pass a nipple by spacing of 1 cm distance from center to edge of body. In the radiotherapy of tangential technique, for the irradiation of 180 cGy to PTV, the calculation dose was ranged from 103.6 cGy to 155.2 cGy, measurement dose was ranged from 107.5 cGy to 156.2 cGy, and skin dose in the center was maximum 1.45 times more irradiated than that in the edge. In the IMRT, for the irradiation of 180 cGy to PTV, the calculation dose was ranged 9.8 cGy at 80.2 cGy, measurement dose was ranged 8.9 cGy at 77.2 cGy, and skin dose in the center was maximum 0.23 times less irradiated than that in the edge. IMRT was more effective for skin radiation risks because radiation dose irradiated to skin in IMRT was much less than that in radiotherapy of tangential field technique.

Keyword

Tangential field techinique radiotherapy; IMRT; Skin dose; TLD measurement

MeSH Terms

Breast Neoplasms*
Breast*
Humans
Nipples
Radiotherapy
Skin*
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