Korean J Med Phys.  2007 Sep;18(3):134-138.

The Evaluation for Attenuation Map using Low Dose in PET/CT System

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiological Science in College of Health Science and Research Institute of Health Science, Yonsei University. hjk1@yonsei.ac.kr
  • 2Departmet of Nuclear Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Medical Center.

Abstract

The current PET/CT system with high quality CT images not only increases diagnostic value by providing anatomic localization, but also shortens the acquisition time for attenuation correction than primary PET system. All commercially available PET/CT system uses the CT scan for attenuation correction instead of the transmission scan using radioactive source such as 137Cs, 68Ge. However the CT scan may substantially increase the patient dose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate quality of PET images reconstructed by CT attenuation map using various tube currents. In this study, images were acquired for 3D Hoffman brain phantom and cylindrical phantom using GE DSTe PET/CT system. The emission data were acquired for 10 min using phantoms after injecting 44.03 MBq of 18F-FDG. The CT images for attenuation map were acquired by changing tube current from 10 mA to 95 mA with fixed exposure time of 8 sec and fixed tube voltage of 140 kVp. The PET images were reconstructed using these CT attenuation maps. Image quality of CT images was evaluated by measuring SD (standard deviation) of cylindrical phantom which was filled with water and 18F-FDG solution. The PET images were evaluated by measuring the activity ratio between gray matter and white matter in Hoffman phantom images. SDs of CT images decrease by increasing tube current. When PET images were reconstructed using CT attenuation maps with various tube currents, the activity ratios between gray matter and white matter of PET images were almost same. These results indicated that the quality of the PET images using low dose CT data were comparable to the PET images using general dose CT data. Therefore, the use of low dose CT is recommended than the use of general dose CT, when the diagnostic high quality CT is not required. Further studies may need to be performed for other system, since this study is limited to the GE DSTe system used in this study.

Keyword

PET/CT; Ultra low dose CT; Effective dose

MeSH Terms

Brain
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Humans
Positron-Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Water
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Water
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