Korean J Anesthesiol.  2006 Sep;51(3):387-390. 10.4097/kjae.2006.51.3.387.

Atrial Fibrillation in a Patient with Left Ventricular Hypertrophy after Induction of General Anesthesia: A case report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Our Ladys of Mercy Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. gkjw2000@yahoo.co.kr

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is the common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. Risk factors for atrial fibrillation include hypertension, diabetes, valvular and other types of structural heart disease. Echocardiographic variables including left atrial enlargement, increased left ventricular wall thickness, and reduced left ventricular fractional shortening are predictive of risk for atrial fibrillation. We experienced a case of newly developed hemodynamically unstable atrial fibrillation after induction of general anesthesia. The patient had hypertension, diabetes, increased left ventricular wall thickness, and reduced left ventricular fractional shortening. Atrial fibrillation was treated with electrical cardioversion. Atrial fibrillation disappeared and hemodynamic parameters became stable.

Keyword

atrial fibrillation; electrical cardioversion; left ventricular hypertrophy

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia, General*
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Atrial Fibrillation*
Echocardiography
Electric Countershock
Heart Diseases
Hemodynamics
Humans
Hypertension
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular*
Risk Factors
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