J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  1997 Mar;35(1):181-210.

THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINI6E ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF THE ENDOSSEOUS IMPLANT DESIGNS

Affiliations
  • 1Major in Dentistry, Department of Medical Science, Graduate School, Korea University, Korea.

Abstract

The stress distribution generated in the surrounding bone was calculated and compared for various geometry of the dental implants by means of the finite element methods. The models were designed to represent the screw type endosseous implants (varing the size, shape, direction of the screw thread and the angle of the body) with supporting bone and the cylinder type endosseous implants (varing the lower portion-Round type, tapered type) with supporting bone. Static mean bite forces were applied 100N vertically and 25N horizontally on the center of the implant and three dimensional finite analysis was undertaken using software ANSYS 5.1 Version. The result demonstrated that different implant shape leads to significant variations in stress distribution in the bone. In the case of variation of the screw size, direction and shape the implant model with normally directional and triangular screw implied lower stress than with upper directional or lower directional and quadrangular screw but among models a different screw size, within a variation of 0.2mm there was no meaningful difference in maximum stress. In the case of variation of angle of body the straight implied lower stress than the tapered. As a result of analysis of cylinder type, the implants with larger radius of curvature of the round form and larger diameter of the tapered form implied lower stress.

Keyword

Endosseous implant designs; 3-Dimensional finite element analysis; Cylinder type implant; Screw type implant

MeSH Terms

Bite Force
Dental Implants
Radius
Dental Implants
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