J Korean Orthop Assoc.  1998 Aug;33(4):1193-1198.

The Effect of Distraction - Compression on the Fracture Healing in Rats with Osteoporosis

Abstract

This study is verifying the hypothesis that distraction followed by recompression may promote fracture healing of the osteoporotic bone on the assumption that distraction induces increased callus formation at the distracted gap and recompression results in fusiform callus, having biomechanically stronger fracture stiffness. Sixty-six Sprague-Dawley rats, in which osteoporosis were induced 6-8 weeks after oophorectomy, were separated into two groups. Group I was control group that had fracture healing by simple external fixation. Group II was experimental group that had fracture healing by monofocal distraction-compression. Radiomorphometric study revealed that there was significantly increased amount of callus and ensuing bone formation, which becehe obvious from 20 days after osteotomy in group II compared with group I. Biomechanical study also showed that tensile break strength was significantly higher in group II compared with group I with time. It is concluded that monofocal distraction-compression method may be one of the useful method to promote fracture healing of the estrogen deficient osteoporotic bone.

Keyword

Fracture healing; Osteoporosis; Distraction - compression

MeSH Terms

Animals
Bony Callus
Estrogens
Female
Fracture Healing*
Osteogenesis
Osteoporosis*
Osteotomy
Ovariectomy
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Estrogens
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