J Korean Foot Ankle Soc.  2014 Dec;18(4):173-177. 10.14193/jkfas.2014.18.4.173.

Characteristics of Severe Hallux Valgus Deformity with Moderate Intermetatarsal Angle

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. chpark77@naver.com
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MSR Hospital, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of hallux valgus with severe hallux valgus angle (HVA) and moderate intermetatarsal angle (IMA) after proximal chevron osteotomy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Between January 2008 and December 2010, 41 patients (48 feet) were treated with proximal chevron osteotomy and distal soft tissue procedure for symptomatic severe hallux valgus deformity (HVA > or =40degrees). Patients were divided into two groups, group M (IMA <18degrees) and group S (IMA > or =18degrees). Mean age of patients was 55.7 years (34~70 years) in group M and 60.0 years (44~78 years) in group S. Mean duration of follow-up was 20.4 months (12~41 months) in group M and 18.5 months (12~35 months) in group S. Radiographic parameters, including HVA, IMA, sesamoid position, metatarsus adductus angle (MAA), and distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA), were compared between groups. Clinical results were assessed using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS). Recurrence rate at the last follow-up was compared between group M and group S.
RESULTS
Preoperative HVA and grade of sesamoid position did not differ between the groups. However, immediate postoperative HVA and grade of sesamoid position were significantly larger in group M. Preoperative MAA and DMAA were significantly larger in group M. No significant difference in AOFAS score and VAS was observed between the groups at the last follow-up. Ten of the 27 feet (37.0%) in group M and two of the 21 feet (9.5%) in group S showed hallux valgus recurrence at the last follow-up. Group M showed a significantly higher recurrence rate than group S.
CONCLUSION
Recurrence rate for severe hallux valgus with moderate IMA is higher than that of severe hallux valgus with severe IMA.

Keyword

Hallux valgus; Intermetatarsal angle; Recurrence

MeSH Terms

Ankle
Congenital Abnormalities*
Follow-Up Studies
Foot
Hallux Valgus*
Humans
Metatarsal Bones
Metatarsus
Osteotomy
Recurrence
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