J Bone Metab.  2015 Nov;22(4):183-189. 10.11005/jbm.2015.22.4.183.

Effect of Teriparatide on Healing of Atypical Femoral Fractures: A Systemic Review

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea. gunil@duih.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are the most commonly used anti-osteoporotic drugs, which have been proven to reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, use of BPs, particularly for long periods of time, is associated with an increased risk of atypical femoral fracture (AFF). Healing of BP-associated AFF is usually delayed because of suppressed bone turnover. Teriparatide (TPTD), a recombinant form of parathyroid hormone (PTH), enhances bone healing in patients with delayed healing or non-union.
METHODS
In this study, we summarized and performed a systemic review of the published literature on treatment of AFF using TPTD.
RESULTS
Although there is a lack of level 1 studies on the evidence of TPTD in promoting bone union in AFFs, this systemic review of the available literature revealed that TPTD works positively in AFFs, and we put together the evidence that TPTD is a viable treatment option for enhancing fracture healing in AFFs.
CONCLUSIONS
While anecdotal evidence of beneficial effects of TPTD on fracture healing offer limited guidance for clinical decision making, a better understanding of the role of TPTD in fracture healing may be elucidated with future prospective trials.

Keyword

Biphosphonates; Femoral fractures; Parathyroid hormone; Teriparatide

MeSH Terms

Decision Making
Diphosphonates
Femoral Fractures*
Fracture Healing
Humans
Osteoporotic Fractures
Parathyroid Hormone
Prospective Studies
Teriparatide*
Diphosphonates
Parathyroid Hormone
Teriparatide

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Flow chart of article selection process.


Cited by  2 articles

Medical Treatment of Osteoporosis/Prevention of Falls
Hyoung Keun Oh
J Korean Fract Soc. 2018;31(4):165-171.    doi: 10.12671/jkfs.2018.31.4.165.

The Efficacy of Bisphosphonates for Prevention of Osteoporotic Fracture: An Update Meta-analysis
Ji-Hye Byun, Sunmee Jang, Sumin Lee, Suyeon Park, Hyun Koo Yoon, Byung-Ho Yoon, Yong-Chan Ha
J Bone Metab. 2017;24(1):37-49.    doi: 10.11005/jbm.2017.24.1.37.


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