Korean J Psychosom Med.  2015 Dec;23(2):86-92. 10.0000/kjpm.2015.23.2.86.

Gender Differences of Direct and Relational Aggression in Children and Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Konyang University College of Medicine, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.
  • 3Hopeful Psychiatric Clinic, Anyang, Korea.
  • 4Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Seoul National Hospital, Seoul, Korea. kyungun12@gmail.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to investigate the gender differences of direct aggression and relational aggression in Korean elementary and middle school students.
METHODS
Parents of 946 elementary school students(age 9.54±1.72 years, 485 boys, 461 girls) completed the Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL). Six-hundred-and-three middle school students(age 13.98±0.93 years, 301 boys, 302 girls) completed the Youth Self-Report(YSR). Independent t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test were used.
RESULTS
Boys had significantly higher direct aggression scores than girls in elementary school students(p<0.001). There was no significance gender difference of relational aggression in elementary school students(p=0.235). In middle school students, boys had significantly higher direct aggression than girls(p=0.017), and girls had significantly higher relational aggression compared to the boys(p<0.001).
CONCLUSION
Our results suggest the presence of gender differences in manifestation of aggression subtypes in Korean elementary and middle school students. These gender differences should be taken into account in prevention and intervention approaches of aggression in children and adolescents.

Keyword

Direct aggression; Relational aggression; Gender; Child Behavior Checklist; Youth self-Report; children; Adolescents

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Aggression*
Child Behavior
Child*
Female
Humans
Parents
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