J Korean Burn Soc.  2015 Dec;18(2):74-80. 10.0000/jkbs.2015.18.2.74.

The Mechanism of Low Temperature Burn and Clinical Cases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dong Gang General Hospital, Ulsan, Korea. bsbaiksy@naver.com
  • 2School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.
  • 3SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was designed to better understand the mechanism of low temperature burn and to show clinical cases of low temperature burn.
METHODS
The local temperature increase of electric pad was investigated at 4 different surface cooling conditions. Blocks (5x5x2 cm3) made of silicone rubber, aluminum, or urethane foam were placed on the top of the electric pad, and temperature between the blocks and electric pad was measured up to 7 hours after switching on maximally (level 7). Each block has different thermal conductivity (TC) and TC of silicone rubber (0.2 W/m.degrees C) is similar to TC of human skin (0.37 W/m.degrees C). TC of aluminum is higher and TC of urethane foam is lower than TC of human skin. Experiments were performed on two occasions with or without a blanket covering over the electric pad and blocks.
RESULTS
The initial surface temperature (18degrees C) of the electric pad under the silicone rubber block was elevated to 36.5degrees C at 1 hour, 41.8degrees C at 3 hours, 44.2degrees C at 5 hours, and 45.5degrees C at 7 hours. After covering the electric pad and blocks with a blanket, the temperature of the electric pad under the silicone rubber block was elevated to 40.9degrees C at 1 hour, 51.8degrees C at 3 hours, 56.1degrees C at 5 hours and 58.1degrees C at 7 hours. Under the same conditions, surface temperatures under the urethane foam and aluminum blocks were 70.8degrees C and 50.degrees C respectively at 7 hours.
CONCLUSION
The local temperature increase of electric pad was dependent on the surface cooling conditions, heating time and blanket covering over the electric pad. The surface temperature increased to 56.1degrees C at 5 hours after blanket covering over the silicone block which temperature can cause severe injuries on the human skin within a minute.

Keyword

Burns; Heating; Mattresses

MeSH Terms

Aluminum
Beds
Burns*
Heating
Hot Temperature
Humans
Silicon
Silicone Elastomers
Silicones
Skin
Thermal Conductivity
Urethane
Aluminum
Silicon
Silicone Elastomers
Silicones
Urethane
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