J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2015 Aug;26(4):313-319. 10.0000/jksem.2015.26.4.313.

Characteristics of Electrocardiographic Changes in Myocardial Injury with Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea. iqtus@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
Electrocardiographic findings such as Tp-Te interval, Tp-Te dispersion, and Tp-Te/QT ratio could be used to predict dysrhythmic events regarding any kind of toxic materials. We investigated the prevalence of cardiac toxicity related to acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and the characteristics of electrocardiographic changes corresponding to the severity of intoxication.
METHODS
This retrospective observational study was conducted with 113 patients of acute CO poisoning from May, 2013 to July, 2014. Myocardial injury (MI) was determined based on an elevation of serum troponin T within the first 24 hours of the ED visit. The study population was classified according to Acute Neuropsychiatric Status (ANS) scoring: a mild intoxication group (ANS scores 0 and 1) and a severe intoxication group (ANS scores 2 and 3).
RESULTS
Prevalence of MI was higher in the severe intoxication group of acute CO poisoning (p<0.001). QTc was significantly prolonged in the MI group (p=0.007). However, no differences in other electrocardiographic parameters were observed between MI group and non-MI group.
CONCLUSION
Myocardial injury was combined more frequently with a severe intoxication group of acute CO poisoning compared to a mild intoxication group. A specific feature of eletrocardiogram in myocardial injury with acute CO poisoning was a QTc prolongation.

Keyword

Carbon monoxide; Cardiotoxicity; Electrocardiography; Arrhythmias; Cardiac

MeSH Terms

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning*
Carbon Monoxide*
Carbon*
Electrocardiography*
Humans
Observational Study
Poisoning
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Troponin T
Carbon
Carbon Monoxide
Troponin T
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