J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg.  2003 Mar;30(2):109-113.

Total Tongue Reconstruction with Innervated Latissimus Dorsi Free Flap

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kskoh@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

Total tongue resection result in severe speech problem, swallowing difficulty and life threatening aspiration. When a total glossectomy is performed, the functional recovery of swallowing, articulation, and airway protection are important for maintaining life quality of the patient. To achieve good functional results, First, the donor tissue should be bulky. Second, the tissue should be pliable and capable of movement. Third, the neotongue should be innervated by anastomosis to the hypoglossal nerve. Innervated latissimus dorsi free flap satisfies the above conditions. The authors performed two immediate total tongue reconstruction using a innervated latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap in which the thoracodorsal nerve was anastomosed to the hypoglossal nerve. Decanulation was performed on the 15th and 20th day respectively after the operation. The oral intake of pureed diet was possible in both patients without aspiration. After 3 months, it was confirmed in videofluoroscopic study that the neotongue was able to contact with the palate effectively. And the articulation was satisfactory. Considering speech and feeding rehabilitation, innervated latissimus dorsi flap can be more valuable method of tongue reconstruction than any other methods and we recommend it for better life quality of the patient.

Keyword

Total tongue reconstruction; Latissimus dorsi free flap

MeSH Terms

Deglutition
Diet
Free Tissue Flaps*
Glossectomy
Humans
Hypoglossal Nerve
Palate
Quality of Life
Rehabilitation
Superficial Back Muscles*
Tissue Donors
Tongue*
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