Korean J Dermatol.  1977 Mar;15(1):39-43.

A Study on Therapeutic Evaluation with Econazole in Parients with Dermatomycoses and In vitro Determination of Minimal Inhivitory Concentration

Abstract

Econazole is one of the new imidazole derivatives displaying antifungal and antibacterial properties in vitro and in vivo. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Econazole in patients with dermatomycoses anl to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration in vitro. A total of 48 patients with various forrns of dermatomycoses(25 patienta with T. cruris, 13 with T. pedis, l with T. corporis, 4 with T. versicolor and 5 with candidiasis) entered this study at the Departement of Dermatology, University Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul National University during 3 months period. from July to September, 1976. Dia,gnosis was established clinically as well as microscopically by direct KOH mount. All patients were instructed to apply 1:o Econazole solution two to three times daily on the affected area for four to seven weeks and weekly examination of the clinical lesions and direct KOH mount were performed. In addition, minimal inhibitory concentration for Trichophyton mentagrophy tes was determined by the modified dilution technique in vitro. The results were as follows. 1. Thirty five patients (72. 9F) were cured clinically and microscopieally and thc remainders showed marked clinical improvement but positive KOH mount at 4 th week of treatment. At 7th week, nine (18.8io) of the remainders were cured clinically and microscopically and the overall cure rate at 7th week was 91. 7%. Five patients with tinea cruris experienced trar.sient irritation derrnatitis on their crural regions. 2. The minimal inhibitory coriceritration of Econazole for Trichophyton mentagrophytes was 25 pg per ml. of medium. The authors concluded that the 1 i Econazole was highly effective in the treatment of superficial rnycoses and the side effects were rninimal and only transient.

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