Korean J Occup Environ Med.  2011 Mar;23(1):80-88.

Estimation of Demand and Supply for Occupational and Environmental Medicine Specialties in Korea (II): Demand Estimation and Demand-Supply Balance

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Korea. hedoc68@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Department of Social Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To estimate the demand and demand-supply balances of occupational and environmental medical specialties (OEMS) in the target year of 2020.
METHODS
We adopted a new OEMS demand model based on the situations of periodic workers' health examination (PHE) agencies, health management agencies (HMA), and legal enforcement for health and safety systems in Korea. The model uses data selected primarily from the database of the Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (KSOEM), a survey for certified members of KSOEM, statistics and internal documents from the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL).
RESULTS
From the data and assumptions, newly demanded OEMS were 193 for workers who had received PHE, and 205 based on total workers for PHE in 2020 for PHE. But no OEMS for HMA area is demanded. Comparing with the calculated numbers of supply estimates, the demand was slightly higher, but could be balanced if MOEL kept consistent and unchanging policies.
CONCLUSIONS
The study results suggest that the demand-supply balance of OEMS is mainly influenced by the policy of MOEL. Further studies are needed examining more detailed data and statistics about PHE agencies, HMA and considering MOEL policies are needed to configuring more sophisticated and need-included estimation.

Keyword

Health services needs and demand; Occupational medicine; Public policy; Health manpower

MeSH Terms

Employment
Environmental Medicine
Health Manpower
Health Services Needs and Demand
Korea
Occupational Medicine
Public Policy
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