J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg.  2007 May;34(3):346-351.

Chest Wall and Breast Reconstruction in Poland's Syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. stahn@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: As a rare congenital anomaly, Poland's syndrome has been known to show hypoplasia in breast and nipple, absence of pectoralis major muscle, and aplasia or deformity of rib or costal cartilage which has been reported to be more common in male. However, most patients who are seeking operation are female patients having one-side deformity. In the field of plastic surgery, the major surgical indications could be asymmetric chest wall depression in man or breast hypoplasia in woman. There are many reconstruction options according to the degree of patient's deformity: a prosthetic implant, breast implant with or without tissue expander, latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous pedicled flap with or without implant and/or tissue expander, and free tissue transfer with or without tissue expander.
METHODS
The authors have treated 4 patients(2 male, 2 female) who had a diagnosis of Poland's syndrome. According to the degree of patient's deformity, all patients underwent correction of breast asymmetry and unilateral anterior thoracic hypoplasia with one-staged or two-staged reconstruction.
RESULTS
All patents were satisfied with the results and there occurred no specific complications.
CONCLUSION
The authors propose the treatment plan for patient with Poland's syndrome, according to the degree of patient's deformity. In case of male patient with mild deformity, the prosthetic implant or latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous pedicled flap will simulate the missing pectoralis and improve the contour deformity. In case of female patient with moderate to severe breast asymmetry and upward displaced nipple areolar complex (NAC), NAC can be lowered with tissue expander, breast can be enlarged with autologous free flaps or latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous pedicled flap with implant.

Keyword

Chest wall and breast reconstruction; Poland's syndrome

MeSH Terms

Breast Implants
Breast*
Cartilage
Congenital Abnormalities
Depression
Diagnosis
Female
Free Tissue Flaps
Humans
Male
Mammaplasty*
Nipples
Ribs
Superficial Back Muscles
Surgery, Plastic
Surgical Flaps
Thoracic Wall*
Thorax*
Tissue Expansion Devices
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